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Country to Language Chart

We have listed here a listing of countries and the languages spoken in them, ordered by precedence (the first language listed is generally the official language of the country). This listing is also cross-indexed in hypertext format to a listing of languages and the countries where it is spoken. There is an alphabetical index to countries and languages on each page.

Alphabetical Country Listing:
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M
N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

Language to Country Chart

      Country to Language Listing

We have listed here a listing of countries and the languages spoken in them, ordered by precedence (the first language listed is generally the official language of the country). This listing is also cross-indexed in hypertext format to a listing of languages and the countries where it is spoken. There is an alphabetical index to countries and languages on each page.

Language to Country Chart

Alphabetical Country Listing:
A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

   



    Countries     Languages (in order of precedence)
Afghanistan Afghan Persian or Dari, Pashtu, Turkic languages, 30 minor languages with much bilingualism
Akrotiri English, Greek
Albania Albanian, Greek, Vlach, Romani, Slavic dialects
Algeria Arabic, French, Berber dialects
American Samoa Samoan, English, Tongan
Andorra Catalan, French, Castilian Spanish, Portuguese
Angola Portuguese, Bantu, other African languages
Anguilla English
Antigua and Barbuda English, local dialects
Argentina Spanish, English, Italian, German, French
Armenia Armenian, Yezidi, Russian
Aruba Dutch, Papiamento, English, Spanish
Australia English, Chinese, Italian, other indigenous languages
Austria German, Slovene, Croatian, Hungarian
Azerbaijan Azerbaijani, Russian, Armenian, other indigenous languages
Bahamas English, Creole
Bahrain Arabic, English, Farsi, Urdu
Bangladesh Bengali, English
Barbados English
Belarus Belarusian, Russian, other indigenous languages
Belgium Dutch, French, German
Belize English, Spanish, Mayan, Garifuna, Creole
Benin French, Fon and Yoruba, tribal languages
Bermuda English, Portuguese
Bhutan Dzongkha, Tibetan, Nepalese
Bolivia Spanish, Quechua, Aymara
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Botswana Setswana, Kalanga, Sekgalagadi, English, other and unspecified
Brazil Portuguese, Spanish, English, French
British Virgin Islands English
Brunei Malay, English, Chinese
Bulgaria Bulgarian, Turkish, Roma, other and unspecified
Burkina Faso French, native African languages belonging to Sudanic family
Burma Burmese, minority ethnic groups have their own languages
Burundi Kirundi, French, Swahili
Cambodia Khmer, French, English
Cameroon 24 major African language groups, English, French
Canada English, French, other indigenous languages
Cape Verde Portuguese, Crioulo
Cayman Islands English
Central African Republic French, Sangho, tribal languages
Chad French, Arabic, Sara, more than 120 different languages and dialects
Chile Spanish
China Mandarin, Yue, Wu, Minbei, Minnan, Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages
Christmas Island English, Chinese, Malay
Cocos Islands Malay, English
Colombia Spanish
Comoros Arabic, French, Shikomoro
Congo, Democratic Republic of the French, Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba
Congo, Republic of the French, Lingala and Monokutuba, many local languages and dialects
Cook Islands English, Maori
Costa Rica Spanish, English
Cote d'Ivoire French, 60 native dialects with Dioula the most widely spoken
Croatia Croatian, Serbian, other and undesignated (including Italian, Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and German)
Cuba Spanish
Cyprus Greek, Turkish, English
Czech Republic Czech
Denmark Danish, Faroese, Greenlandic, German; NOTE: English is the predominant second language
Dhekelia English, Greek
Djibouti French, Arabic, Somali, Afar
Dominica English, French patois
Dominican Republic Spanish
East Timor Tetum, Portuguese, Indonesian, English, Galole, Mambae, Kemak
Ecuador Spanish, Amerindian languages
Egypt Arabic, English and French widely understood by educated classes
El Salvador Spanish, Nahua
Equatorial Guinea Spanish, French, pidgin English, Fang, Bubi, Ibo
Eritrea Afar, Arabic, Tigre, Kunama, Tigrinya, other Cushitic languages
Estonia Estonian, Russian, other unknown languages
Ethiopia Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, Arabic, other local languages, English
Falkland Islands English
Faroe Islands Faroese, Danish
Fiji English, Fijian, Hindustani
Finland Finnish, Swedish, other indigenous languages
France French, Provencal, Breton, Alsatian, Corsican, Catalan, Basque, Flemish
French Guiana French
French Polynesia French, Polynesian, Asian languages, other unspecified languages
Gabon French, Fang, Myene, Nzebi, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi
Gambia English, Mandinka, Wolof, Fula, other indigenous vernaculars
Gaza Strip Arabic, Hebrew, English
Georgia Georgian, Russian, Armenian, Azeri, Abkhaz, other indigenous languages
Germany German
Ghana English, Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, Ga
Gibraltar English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese
Greece Greek, English, French
Greenland Greenlandic, Danish, English
Grenada English, French patois
Guadeloupe French, Creole patois
Guam English, Chamorro, Philippine languages, other Pacific island languages, Asian languages, other languages
Guatemala Spanish, Quiche, Cakchiquel, Kekchi, Mam, Garifuna, Xinca
Guernsey English, French, Norman-French (dialect spoken in country districts)
Guinea French; NOTE: each ethnic group has its own language
Guinea-Bissau Portuguese, Crioulo, African languages
Guyana English, Amerindian dialects, Creole, Hindi, Urdu
Haiti French, Creole
Holy See Italian, Latin, French, various other languages
Honduras Spanish, Amerindian dialects
Hong Kong Chinese, English; NOTE: both are official
Hungary Hungarian, other or unspecified
Iceland Icelandic, English, Nordic languages; NOTE: German widely spoken
India Hindi (the national language and primary tongue of of the people), English, (enjoys associate status but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication), Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, Sanskrit; NOTE: Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language
Indonesia Bahasa Indonesia (modified form of Malay), English, Dutch, Javanese
Iran Persian and Persian dialects, Turkic and Turkic dialects, Kurdish, Luri, Balochi, Arabic, Turkish, other indigenous languages
Iraq Arabic, Kurdish, Assyrian, Armenian
Ireland English, Irish Gaelic (spoken mainly in areas located along the western seaboard)
Isle of Man English, Manx Gaelic
Israel Hebrew, Arabic (used officially for Arab minority), English (most commonly used foreign language)
Italy Italian, German, French, Slovene
Jamaica English, English patois
Japan Japanese
Jersey English, Portuguese, other indigenous languages
Jordan Arabic; NOTE: English widely understood among upper and middle classes
Kazakhstan Kazakh, Russian
Kenya English, Kiswahili, numerous indigenous languages
Kiribati I-Kiribati, English
Korea, North Korean
Korea, South Korean; NOTE: English widely taught in junior high and high school
Kuwait Arabic; NOTE: English widely spoken
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyz, Russian
Laos Lao, French, English, various ethnic languages
Latvia Latvian, Russian, Lithuanian, other indigenous languages
Lebanon Arabic, French, English, Armenian
Lesotho Sesotho, English, Zulu, Xhosa
Liberia English, some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used in correspondence
Libya Arabic, Italian, English, all are widely understood in the major cities
Liechtenstein German, Alemannic dialect
Lithuania Lithuanian, Russian, Polish, other and unspecified
Luxembourg Luxembourgish, German, French
Macau Cantonese, Hokkien, Mandarin, other Chinese dialects, other indigenous languages
Macedonia Macedonian, Albanian, Turkish, Roma, Serbian, other indigenous languages
Madagascar French, Malagasy
Malawi Chichewa, Chinyanja, Chiyao, Chitumbuka, Chisena, Chilomwe, Chitonga, other indigenous languages
Malaysia Bahasa Melayu, English, Mandarin, Cantonese, Hokkien, Hakka, Hainan, Foochow, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Panjabi, Thai
Maldives Maldivian Dhivehi (dialect of Sinhala, script derived from Arabic), English
Mali French, Bambara, numerous African languages
Malta Maltese, English
Marshall Islands Marshallese, English, other languages; NOTE: English widely spoken as a second language; both Marshallese and English are official languages
Martinique French, Creole patois
Mauritania Arabic, Pulaar, Soninke, French, Hassaniya, Wolof
Mauritius Creole, Bhojpuri, French, English, other and unspecified
Mayotte Mahorian, French
Mexico Spanish, various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional indigenous languages
Micronesia, Federated States of English, Trukese, Pohnpeian, Yapese, Kosrean, Ulithian, Woleaian, Nukuoro, Kapingamarangi
Moldova Moldovan, Russian, Gagauz
Monaco French, English, Italian, Monegasque
Mongolia Khalkha Mongol, Turkic, Russian
Montenegro Serbian
Montserrat English
Morocco Arabic, Berber dialects, French; NOTE: French often the language of business, government, and diplomacy
Mozambique Emakhuwa, Xichangana, Portuguese, Elomwe, Cisena, Echuwabo, other Mozambican languages, other foreign languages
English, Afrikaans, German, Oshivambo, Herero, Nama
Nauru Nauruan
Nepal Nepali, Maithali, Bhojpuri, Tharu, Tamang, Newar, Magar, Awadhi, other unspecified languages; NOTE: many in government and business also speak English
Netherlands Dutch, Frisian
Netherlands Antilles Papiamento, English, Dutch, Spanish, Creole, other unspecified languages
New Caledonia French, 33 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
New Zealand English, Maori
Nicaragua Spanish, Miskito, other unspecified languages; NOTE: English and indigenous languages on Atlantic coast
Niger French, Hausa, Djerma
Nigeria English, Hausa, Yoruba, Igbo, Fulani
Niue Niuean, English
Norfolk Island English, Norfolk (a mixture of 18th century English and ancient Tahitian)
Northern Mariana Islands Philippine languages, Chinese, Chamorro, English, other Pacific island languages
Norway Norwegian (Bokmal Norwegian, Nynorsk Norwegian), Sami, Finnish; NOTE: small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities, Sami is official in six municipalities
Oman Arabic, English, Baluchi, Urdu, Indian dialects
Pakistan Punjabi, Sindhi, Siraiki, Pashtu, Urdu, Balochi, Hindko, Brahui, English, Burushaski, and other indigenous languages
Palau Palauan, Angaur, Filipino, English, Chinese, Carolinian, Japanese
Panama Spanish, English; NOTE: many Panamanians bilingual
Papua New Guinea Melanesian Pidgin, English, Motu; NOTE: 715 indigenous languages - many unrelated
Paraguay Spanish, Guarani
Peru Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, and a large number of minor Amazonian languages
Philippines Tagalog, English, Cebuano, Ilocano, Hiligaynon or Ilonggo, Bicol, Waray, Pampango, Pangasinan
Pitcairn Islands English, Pitcairnese
Poland Polish, other and unspecified
Portugal Portuguese, Mirandese
Puerto Rico Spanish, English
Qatar Arabic; NOTE: English commonly used as a second language
Reunion French, Creole
Romania Romanian, Hungarian, German
Russia Russian, many minority languages
Rwanda Kinyarwanda, French, English, Kiswahili
Saint Helena English
Saint Kitts and Nevis English
Saint Lucia English, French patois
Saint Pierre and Miquelon French
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines English, French patois
Samoa Samoan, English
San Marino Italian
Sao Tome and Principe Portuguese
Saudi Arabia Arabic
Senegal French, Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka
Serbia Serbian, Romanian, Hungarian, Slovak, Ukrainian, Croatian
Seychelles Creole, English, other unspecified languages
Sierra Leone English, Mende, Temne, Krio (English-based Creole)
Singapore Mandarin, English, Malay, Hokkien, Cantonese, Teochew, Tamil, other Chinese dialects, other indigenous languages
Slovakia Slovak, Hungarian, Roma, Ukrainian, other or unspecified
Slovenia Slovenian, Serbo-Croatian, other or unspecified
Solomon Islands Melanesian pidgin, English; NOTE: 120 indigenous languages
Somalia Somali, Arabic, Italian, English
South Africa IsiZulu, IsiXhosa, Afrikaans, Sepedi, English, Setswana, Sesotho, Xitsonga, other indigenous languages
Spain Castilian Spanish, Catalan, Galician, Basque
Sri Lanka Sinhala, Tamil, other indigenous languages; NOTE: English is commonly used in government and is spoken competently by about of the population
Sudan Arabic, Nubian, Ta Bedawie, Nilotic languages, Nilo-Hamitic languages, Sudanic languages, English; NOTE: program of Arabization in process
Suriname Dutch, English, Sranang Tongo (Surinamese), Hindustani, Javanese
Svalbard Norwegian, Russian
Swaziland English, siSwati
Sweden Swedish, Sami, Finnish; NOTE: small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
Switzerland German, French, Italian, Serbo-Croatian, Albanian, Portuguese, Spanish, English, Romansch, other indigenous languages; NOTE: German, French, Italian, and Romansch are all national languages, but only the first three are official languages
Syria Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian, French, English
Taiwan Mandarin Chinese, Taiwanese, Hakka dialects
Tajikistan Tajik, Russian
Tanzania Kiswahili or Swahili, Kiunguja, English, Arabic
Thailand Thai, English
Togo French, Ewe and Mina, Kabye
Tokelau Tokelauan, English
Tonga Tongan, English
Trinidad and Tobago English, Hindi, French, Spanish, Chinese
Tunisia Arabic, French
Turkey Turkish, Kurdish, Dimli, Azeri, Kabardian; NOTE: there is also a substantial Gagauz population in the Europe part of Turkey
Turkmenistan Turkmen, Russian, Uzbek, other indigenous languages
Turks and Caicos Islands English
Tuvalu Tuvaluan, English, Samoan, Kiribati
Uganda English, Ganda or Luganda, other Niger-Congo languages, Nilo-Saharan languages, Swahili, Arabic
Ukraine Ukrainian, Russian, Romanian, Polish, Hungarian; NOTE: small Romanian-, Polish-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities
United Arab Emirates Arabic, Persian, English, Hindi, Urdu
United Kingdom English, Welsh, Scottish Gaelic
United States English, Spanish, Native American indigenous languages; NOTE: other Indo-European, Asian and Pacific island languages are spoken
Uruguay Spanish, Portunol, Brazilero
Uzbekistan Uzbek, Russian, Tajik, other indigenous languages
Vanuatu local languages, pidgin, English, French, other unspecified languages
Venezuela Spanish, numerous indigenous dialects
Vietnam Vietnamese, French, English, Chinese, Khmer, mountain area languages
Virgin Islands English, Spanish, Spanish Creole, French, French Creole, other indigenous languages
Wallis and Futuna Wallisian, Futunian, French, other indigenous languages
West Bank Arabic, Hebrew, English
Western Sahara Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
Yemen Arabic
Zambia English, Bemba, Kaonda, Lozi, Lunda, Luvale, Nyanja, Tonga, about 70 other indigenous languages
Zimbabwe English, Shona, Sindebele (also called Ndebele), numerous but minor tribal dialects
    Countries     Languages (in order of precedence)